PNG contains the third largest tropical rainforest after the Amazon and Congo basin with over 80% of the total land area containing forests. Most forests are managed through customary ownership and benefit traditional subsistence livelihoods but this also place forests at risk of deforestation due to increasing population and unsustainable practices. Logging, oil palm development and mining also contribute to both deforestation and forest degradation in PNG. PNG’s national REDD+ program is working to address such challenges and has already delivered 4-5 million tCO2-eq annually in 2014 and 2015 through sustainable development planning and moving away from policies incentivizing forest clearing.
Adhering to the terms of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement while seeking to obtain REDD+ results-based payments, PNG has so far achieved the following:
With the support of CfRN, PNG improved its GHG inventory for the AFOLU sector and REDD+ reporting through a quality assurance review of its first Biennial Update Report and the accompanying REDD+ Technical Annex detailing PNG’s REDD+ results.
PNG also shared their experiences and lesson learned through their REDD+ program with other CfRN countries during bilateral technical sessions, regional workshops and global events. PNG discussed key steps in the development and implementation of their National Forest Monitoring System and shared their experiences undergoing a technical assessment of their Forest Reference Level and how this contributed to improving their GHG inventory.