Boti Falls is a 30m high waterfall within the Boti Forest Reserve
Ghana lies along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, in the sub-region of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east, the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana’s diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests.
Grasslands mixed with south coastal shrublands and forests dominate Ghana, with forest extending northward from the south-west coast of Ghana on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean 320 kilometres and eastward for a maximum of about 270 kilometres with the Kingdom of Ashanti or the southern part of Ghana being a primary location for mining of industrial minerals and timber.
Ghana is home to five terrestrial ecoregions: Eastern Guinean forests, Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, West Sudanian savanna, Central African mangroves, and Guinean mangroves. It had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.53/10, ranking it 112nd globally out of 172 countries. Its forests are endowed with a rich array of land based natural resources—gold, timber, cocoa, oil palm, and shea. Ghana’s growth and economic achievements have come at a significant cost to its forests. Having lost over 60% of its forest cover from 1950 to the turn of the last century (2.7 million hectares), the country is working hard to overturn the current deforestation rate of approximately 3.2% per year (135,000 ha/year) to promote a sustainable utilization of forest resources through REDD+.