The REDD+ mechanism is the only carbon emissions reduction program created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change or UNFCCC. REDD+ was formalized into the Paris Agreement in 2015, which has been approved by over 190 countries. The methods national governments use to measure, report and verify emission reductions were ratified at 16 separate decisions at yearly meeting of the UNFCCC, known as the Conference of the Parties (COP).