Democratic Republic of Congo (D.R.C)

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Country Statistics

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has the second largest swath of rainforests in the world—152 million hectares, accounting for most of the remaining rainforest in the Congo Basin. Although rates of deforestation in the DRC are low compared to tropical forests in the Amazon and Southeast Asia, almost half a million hectares are lost each year. DRC’s direct drivers of deforestation include slash-and-burn agriculture, fuelwood production, bush fires, and small-scale and industrial logging.
Population (Million)
Land Area (1000
0$. Bln
% Forest Area
Deforestation avg. annual %, 2000-2015
Terrestrial protected areas – % of total land area

Our Work

Country timeline
First Biennial Update Report with REDD+ Technical Annex for 2021

Fourth National Communication by 2022

Main activities in 2020
  1. Support on national legislation on climate change
  2. Training on REDD+ Reporting and Green Climate Fund (GCF) Process [completed]
  3. Quality assurance of GHG inventory AFOLU 
  4. Quality assurance of REDD+ Technical Annex

National context

DRC has been working on their National GHG Inventory for the first BUR since phase I of the RRR+ project. The work on this BUR has been significantly delayed due to political changes. In 2018 the country submitted its first Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL). To ensure consistency between the FREL/FRL and the national GHG inventory, national experts under the Plateforme Technique de Concertation (PTC) (decided to adapt the data of the FREL/FRL to the GHG inventory. The work was done during 2019, delaying the submission of the BUR. In 2020, the country decided to add a REDD+ Technical Annex to the BUR and, to ensure the accuracy of this document, further delay affected the submission of the first BUR. The plan is now to submit a BUR with REDD+ TA with a consistent GHG inventory to the 2018 FREL/FRL by 2021.

1. Policy Support

CfRN’s policy team offered support in the development of a new regulatory framework addressing climate change and REDD+. The new regulatory framework is set to modify existing legislation on environmental protection to better adapt to the new reality created by the Paris Agreement. In addition, our team’s support aimed at ensuing any new legislation or modification of existing legislation is in line with the REDD+ MRV requirements under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement and designed to attract the necessary results-based finance.

2. Training on REDD+ Reporting and Green Climate Fund (GCF) Process

3. Training on REDD+ Reporting

4. Training on Green Climate Fund (GCF) Process

5. Quality Assurance of the Greenhouse Gas inventory

6. Quality assurance of the REDD+ Technical Annex

7. Quality assurance of the REDD+ Technical Annex (BUR)

(From top) Participants to the workshop held in Kintele. Participants from the DRC Ministry of Forestry and Ministry of Agriculture, and University of Marian Ngouabi, attending the workshop. Field trip to Maloukou Trechot.

“The Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to 10% of the world’s tropical forests, or 145 million hectares, with a carbon stock of 140 gigatons of CO2. The forests are so large that they can absorb the same amount of greenhouse gases that the entire world emits in 3 years.”

“Ficias il etur? Igendae. Adiam que peles mi, vel id esto beaquatem facepra pro bere veris eiumquis comnim”


The rainforests of the DRC contain great biodiversity, including many rare and endemic species, such as the common chimpanzee and the bonobo, the African forest elephant, the mountain gorilla, the okapi and the white rhino. Five of the country’s national parks are listed as World Heritage Sites: the Garumba, Kahuzi-Biega, Salonga and Virunga National Parks, and the Okapi Wildlife Reserve. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most biodiverse African country.[95]

The civil war and resulting in poor economic conditions have endangered much of this biodiversity. Many park wardens were either killed or could not afford to continue their work. All five sites are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage in Danger.

Conservationists have particularly worried about primates. The Congo is inhabited by several great ape species: the common chimpanzee, the bonobo, the eastern gorilla, and possibly the western gorilla. It is the only country in the world in which bonobos are found in the wild. Much concern has been raised about great ape extinction. Because of hunting and habitat destruction, the chimpanzee, the bonobo and the gorilla, each of whose populations once numbered in the millions, have now dwindled down to only about 200,000 gorillas, 100,000 chimpanzees and possibly only about 10,000 bonobos. Gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos are all classified as endangered by the World Conservation Union, as well as the okapi, which is also native to the area.

(Above) Okapi

Useful Links

UNFCCC REDD+ Submissions


Okapi Wildlife reserve

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), or simply either Congo or the Congo, is a country in Central Africa. It is, by area, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of around 103 million, DRC is the most-populous officially Francophone country in the world. The country is located in central sub-Saharan Africa, bordered to the northwest by the Republic of the Congo, to the north by the Central African Republic, to the northeast by South Sudan, to the east by Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, and by Tanzania, to the south and southeast by Zambia, to the southwest by Angola, and to the west by the South Atlantic Ocean and the Cabinda Province exclave of Angola. The size of Congo, 2,345,408 square kilometres (905,567 sq mi), is slightly greater than the combined areas of Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Norway. It is the second-largest country in Africa by area, after Algeria.

The DRC sustains the Congo Rainforest, the second-largest rain forest in the world after the Amazon. This massive expanse of lush jungle covers most of the vast, low-lying central basin of the river, which slopes toward the Atlantic Ocean in the west. This area is surrounded by plateaus merging into savannas in the south and southwest, by mountainous terraces in the west, and dense grasslands extending beyond the Congo River in the north.

Virunga National Parks


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